Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, Deep Learning: What are the differences between them? And where are they leading us?

The world around us is changing dramatically. It is going through a revolution. BUT.. This time it has a different angle! It is the machines’ revolution! Suddenly cars have developed eyes, and mouths! Even our phones have mouths, ears and eyes. Whether it is Siri, Cortana, Amazon Echo or Mobileye, they all got a brain, they can learn and adapt. But they all have one main thing in common: Artificial Intelligence. Why not say Machine Learning or Deep Learning? What is the difference between them? And where are they taking us? How will this technology affect the different sectors: Finance, Automobil, Commerce, Retail, etc..? Most importantly how can you ride the wave?